Saturday, November 28, 2015

G.Aravindan

G.Aravindan was a genius person with diversified talents in various aspects like Cartoons,Painting,Screenplay and Film Direction,Carnatic and Hindusthani Music,  Music Composing   etc.
G.Aravindan was  born on 21 January 1935 at Kottayam to famous Advocate/Writer M.N.Govindan Nair.He took his degree in Botany from C.M.S. College Kottayam and got employment in Rubber Board.While working in Rubber Board he lived  in several places of Kerala  including Calicut,Kottayam and Trivandrum where all he was involved in the cultural activities and earned friendships and contacts with  eminent personalities.
'Ramu' main cartoon character of G.Aravindan
He was an expert in oil painting and water colour paintings.He was very talented in cartoons and from the early 60's he started a cartoon page in 'Mathrubhoomi Weekly' which was published as 'Cheriya Manushyarum Valia Lokavum' consecutively for more than 15 years.His cartoon series received much acclaim and appreciation widely and he gained name and fame.Through his cartoons he effectively conveyed his cogitations,inveterate beliefs and viewpoints to the society.
From the childhood itself he was trained in Carnatic music.Later while staying at Calicut he learned Hindustani Music  from Saratchandra Rai.
Aravindan had  reading as his  main hobby and he was interested in films also.He used to attend the International film festivals from 1952 itself  when it was initially started in India.He had acquaintance with Drama Experts like C.N.Sreekantan Nair,Kavalam Narayana Panicker etc and Film Directors like Adoor Gopalakrishnan, John Abraham etc also.When 'Chitralekha Film Society' was started in Trivandrum under the leadership and guidance of Adoor Gopalakrishnan, he was also an active member in it.
In 1974 G.Aravindan directed a film 'Utharayanam' which was writtten by Thikkodiyan.He also followed the path of experimental or Parallel Cinema which concentrated on realistic and artistic perspectives.The film 'Utharayanam' earned state and Central awards.It was selected for several film festivals Nationally and Internationally.
In 1977 he was bold enough to present  a part of 'Ramayana'  in his own view point and visuals under the title 'Kanchana Sitha'.Sree Rama and Lakshmana were portrayed indifferently  which received much criticism.The character Sita never appears on the screen but shown as the nature or breeze.Those period witnessed nice 'art films' presented by directors like P.A.Bakkar,Adoor Gopalakrishnan,Aravindan,John Abraham etc which dramatically changed the  scenario which prevailed till then.
Afterwards he directed films "Thambu, Kummatty,Esthappan,Pokku Veyil,Chidambaram,Oridathu,Vasthuhara"  and several documentaries also.
Some of his documentaries also received awards.






G.Aravindan was the  music Director for films 'Ore Thooval Pakshikal,Yaro Oral,Esthappan,and Piravi'.He got Kerala State Award as  Best Music Director for film  'Ore Thooval Pakshikal'.

He directed  a drama 'Kali' of C.N. Sreekantan Nair and  one  drama 'Avanavan Kadamba of Kavalam Narayana Panicker.
G.Aravindan got Kerala State Best Director Awards for 'Utharayanam' in 1974,
'Kanchanasitha' in 78, 'Thampu in 79, Pokkuveyil in 81, 'Chidambaram' in 85,
'Oridathu' in 86,Vasthuhara  in 1990.He got National award for 'Kanchana Sita,Thambu, and Oridathu'.Film 'Kummatty' was selected as Best Children's film in 1979.'Chidambaram' was selected as Best Film at National level.
Aravindan was a deep thinker and perfectionist who never deviated from his perspectives.He never grumbled or hankered for more.He did not opt for commercial gains in his films.Being a musician also  he did not include unnecessary song scenes in his films  but preferred to employ  the tranquility of silence rather than sounds.He always stayed firm with his convictions.
Aravindan left this world on March 15, 1991.His contributions to different fields of art and culture  including cinema will be ever remembered.

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

V.Dakshina Murthy

V.Dakshina Moorthy, better known as Dakshina Moorthy Swamy   was a renowned Carnatic musician and music director of Malayalam Films.He  composed music for several Tamil Films and also for some Hindi films.He composed music for more than 125 films( for more than 850 songs) during a long span of 50 years.

Dakshina Moorthy Swamy was the son of D.Venkitaraman Iyer and Parvathy Ammal and was born at  Alapuzha on 9 December 1919.His mother was also a musician who knew several 'Keerthanams'(Carnatic compositions) and taught him many Thyagaraja Keerthanams in his childhood  itself by finding out  his intrinsic musical talents.At the age of ten he started to learn Carnatic music under Venkitachalam Potti of Thiruvananthapuram.He had his arangetam (first public programme) at Ambalapuzha Sree Krishna Swamy Temple when he was 13 years old.He continued tutelage under Guru Venkitachalam Potti  after completing S.S.L.C course.
Later Swamy stayed for more than 3 years at 'Vaikom' teaching some students.During that period he was a regular visitor at the 'Vakom Dakshinamoorthy Temple' and became a firm devotee of 'Lord Shiva' of that temple.
From 1942 onwards he visited Chennai several times to perform musical programmes for 'Madras AIR station.'In 1948 he got chance to compose a 'Sloka'(Four lined hymn) for the Malayalam film 'Nalla Thanka' which was produced by M.Kunchacko and K.V.Koshy.From that year he settled at Mylapore in Chennai.

The heroes of 'Nalla Thanka' movie was Augatine Joseph and Vaikom Mani.Augastine Joseph, was also a singer who also sang songs for that film.Today's famous playback singer K.J.Yesudas is his son.

Yesudas sang large number of songs composed by Dakshina Moorthy Swamy.Vijay Yesudas -son of K.J.Yesudas sang songs under the music direction of 'Swamy'.Vijay's daughter 'Ameya' sang a song which was composed  by Swamy for the film 'Shyama Ragam'.This is a rare and amazing acquaintance which delights the music lovers.
After 'Nalla Thanka' Swamy composed music for films like 'Jeevitha Nauka,Navalokam,Viyarpinte Vila,Sree Guruvayoorappan,Kadamattathachan' etc and thus became an established music director.
                             
The duo between  lyrics writer Sreekumaran Thampi and Dakshina Moorthy produced large number of super hit songs.
Songs like "Uthara Swayamvaram Kathakali Kanuvan"
"Manohari Nin Manoradhathil"
"Kakkathamburatty Karutha Manavatty"
"Hridaya Sarassile Pranaya Pushpame"
"Asoka Poonila vidarum Gramam" etc are examples.
Some other hit songs of Dakshina Moorthy Swamy are
"Kakka Kuyie Chollu Kai nokkanariyamo"
"Innale Neeyoru Sundara Ganamayen"
"Paattu Padi Urakkam Njan Thamarapoom paithale"
"Kattile Pazhmulam Thandil ninnum"
"Chitra sila palikal kondoru"
"Pulayanar Maniyamma Poomulla Kavilamma"
"Gopi Chandana Kuriyaninju"
"Chandanathil Kadanjeduthoru Sundari Silpam"
"Karkoondal Kettilenthinu Vasana thailam"
"Tharaka Roopini Neeyennum ennude"
"Swapnangal Swapnangale Ningal"
Dakshinamoorthy effectively used Carnatic raagas for his film songs such that they all possesses the 'bhavas' effectively mingled in them.He used the most appropriate tunes best suited for those lines and the songs will remain eternal for ever.
His disciples included N.C.Vasantha Kokilam,Kaviyoor Revamma and Kalyani Menon.
He was 'Guru' to singers like P.Leela,P.Susheela.Brahmanandan and also music director Ilaya Raja.
Dakshina Murthy Swamy received Best Music Director ilm Award from Kerala Government in the year 1971.
He was given J.C.Daniel Award by Kerala Government in the year 1998 for Lifetime Achievement.
He received Swaralaya Yesudas Award in the year 2007.
He was given Honorary Doctorate by  M.G.University in 2010.

Swami was not suffering from any diseases at the time of death but had only normal old age problems.Death occurred around 6.30 P.M. at his residence in Mylapore,Chennai on Friday,2 August 2013 at the age of 94.

Monday, November 9, 2015

L.P.R.Varma


L.P.R.Varma was a very famous Carnatic Music exponent who conducted large number of Carnatic Music concerts all over Kerala and other places.He  proved his substantial skills by composing music for so many professional drama songs and more than fifty film songs also.
L.P.R. Varma was born in 1926 at Lakshmi Puram Palace at 'Puzhavath' in Changanassery Taluk of Kottayam District.He was a member of the 'Thekkumkoor Dynasty'  and in this Royal Family was Kerala Varma Valia Koi Thampuran and A.R.Raja Raja Varma were  born.Kerala Verma Valia Koi Thampuran was a great Malayalam Poet and his book 'Mayoora Sandesam' which he wrote supposing  peacock as a messenger is very popular and considers as an intellectual work.A.R. Raja Raja Varma is known as 'Kerala Panini' and he is still an authority of Malayalam Grammar through his books.He wrote several books which are all turned to be reference books  of Malayalam literature.L.P.R.Verma was born in this Royal clan to parents Vasudevan Nampoothirippad and Mangalabhai Thampuratty.
With Kathakali Exponents Guru Chengannur Raman Pillai ,Chennithala Chellappan Pillai,Harippad Ramakrishnan etc.Standing extreme right is L.P.R.Varma
His real name was 'Pooram Thirunal Rama Varma,and completed schooling from Changanassery Perunna N.S.S.High School.Later he joined at Thiruvanathapuram Swathi Thirunal Music College and passed 'Gana Bhooshanam' course in  Classical Music.His teachers were Mavelikkara Veeramani Ayyar and Madurai Kesava Bhagavathar.
From the age of 20 itself he  earned name as a brilliant Carnatic Classical performer and started concerts in every nook and corner of Kerala.
Meanwhile he started music composition and turned to be the most sought music composer by all professional drama troupes of Kerala.He composed several famous songs for 'Kerala Theaters' and K.P.A.C. Drama troupe.


He sang songs for a few films and dramas as well.His debut film  as a playback singer  was 'Avan Varunnu' produced by Udaya Studios.He sang songs for seven films and Composed music for about 50 songs of Malayalam films.'Sthree Hridayam' was the first film in which he composed music when he was 30 years old.
"Sthree Hridayam,Sthanarthi Saramma,Ollathu Mathi,Kudumbini, Sandhya Vandanam,Mayor Nair,Thottavadi" etc were the films he composed music.
The song 'Akkarapachayile ' and other songs of film 'Sthanarthi Saramma' earned accolodales.
The song 'Anjatha Sakhi athma sakhi anuraga narmada' earned National Award for Best Music Composition and Yesudas got  National Award for the first time  as playback singer in 1969 for this song which was composed by L.P.R.Varma  for the film 'Ollathu Mathi'

'Veedinu Ponnani Vilakku nee tharavadinu nidhi nee kudimbini' which was sung by C.O.Anto in 'Kudumbini' is nostalgia for music lovers still now.
The song 'Parunnu Parannu Parannu chellan pattatha kadukalil'  a drama song which was music composed and sung by L.P.R.Varma  is still loved a lot.
He introduced playback singer P.Jayachandran to Malayalam film field.A song 'Upasana Upasana ithu dhanyamamorupasana' is one of the fantastic songs of Jayachandran from the film 'Thottavadi' of which  music  was composed by L.P.R.Varma.

L.P.R.Varma Foundation program


L.P.R.Varma received Sangeetha Nataka Academy Award for Classical Music in 1978.He got Kerala Government Award for Music Composition in Professional Drama for the year 1985.





L.P.R.Varma demised on July 6, 2003. L.P.R.Varma Foundation was established in his memory.An award named 'Sangeetha Ratnakara Award' was initiated in his name and its first recipient was K.J.Yesudas.