Madhubala was a great heroine of Hindi cinema during 1950s and 60s who was an egregiously beautiful lady and possessed an expressive face which could easily reflect minute feelings also.She was blessed with intrinsic acting abilities which was appreciated by co-stars,eminent directors,producers and film goers of that period.
Her original name was Mumtaz Begum and was born in New Delhi on 14 Feb 1933
to Ataulla Khan who had 11 children and Mumtaz was the fifth child among them.Their family was a Nawab family from Kabul and was exiled to India by Afghan Army.Later the family moved to Bombay and this helped the entry of Mumtaz to Hindi film world.Her debut film was 'Basant' at the age of nine and the film was a success at the box-office.The heroine of that film 'Devika Rani' suggested Mumtaz to change her name as 'Madhubala'.As the first mature role she appeared opposite Raj Kapoor at the age of 14 for the film 'Neel Kamal' in 1947.
Even though the film was not a commercial success Madubala was noted by the critics as an attractive upcoming heroine.During the next two years she was transforming herself to a fully blossom
flower filled with honey resembling like her name.
In 1949 her film 'Ayega Anewala' with actor Ashok Kumar rose her position to stardom.She exhilarated the audience with her stunning beauty and exalted acting abilities.That exuberant marvelous young girl proved that she could present any type of characters exquisitely well.She was cast in films of famous actors of that time and several blockbusters were made.Howrah Bridge opposite Ashok Kumar,Chalti ka naam Gaadi with Kishore Kumar,Barsaat ki Raat opposite Bharat Bhushan,Kaala paani opposte Dev Anand were all highly applauded films.During the sets of Chalti ka Naam Gaadi a love affair generated between Kishore Kumar and Madhubala.
(They got married in 1960).
Madhubala was lucky enough to act in films of very famous directors like Guru Dutt,Kamal Amrohi,K.Asif,Mahboob Khan etc.
She was found to have a heart problem in 1950 which she did not want to disclose with her friends.But in 1954 on the sets of a film she vomited blood but still then she could cover up the fact about her disease and continued with her career with extraordinary boldness.She ignored her ailments and acted with clan any sequences which demanded strain also.In 1960 Mughal-e-Azam a big budget film of Madhubala was released.For that film during the shooting schedules she had to suffer a lot of strains, pressures and difficulties but that true artiste was ready to accept all types of difficulties whether mental or physical, for the perfection of the film.That film turned to be a big grosser also and remained so for next fifteen years till the release of 'Sholay' in 1975.
Madhubala's sister Chanchal was also an actress and together they appeared in several films like 'Nazneen','Naata' etc.Film 'Naata' was produced by Madhubala.
She is also remembered for her roles in Raj Kapoors 'Jis Desh mem Ganga Behti Hai' and Mehboob Khan's 'Mother India'.That beautiful actress died at the age of 36 in Bombay on 23 Feb 1969.
A commemorative postage stamp was issued to respect her by India postage in 2008.
Even after 42 years Madhubala is still reminiscently living in the hearts of millions of her fans.
Chalti ka Naam Gaadi
Kal Hamara Hai
Barsat ki Raat