Monday, February 14, 2011

MEENA KUMARI


Meena Kumari was born on 1st August 1932 in Mumbai and her original name was Mahzabeen Bano.Her father was a musician and poet while her mother was a stage actress and dancer.So her talent was inherited by birth and she entered in to Hindi cinema as a child artist at the age of 7.But Meena Kumari's inner soul was not happy with that style of life but was longing to mingle and play with children of her age and to study at school.She had two elders also and the family was poor.As an earning member of the family soon to find the bread for the family turned out to be her burden.She handled mature roles from 1949 with the film 'Veer Ghatotkach'.From 1952 onwards she became heroine and  her acting skills was revealed which earned much fame and reputation.
She could handle all kind of roles alike and at ease, but earned the title 'Tragedy Queen' since she excelled very well  by performing the sorrowful women and expressing the grievances prevailing in the society.Almost all films except a few were in this category.Tears rolled down the cheeks of that beautiful lady in front of the movie camera in all studio sets.Story writers and screen play writers deliberately made characters which explored  and utilized her acting skills to the maximum.She was able to transform the pain and grief of her characters to her audience so that they also wept with her in cinema halls.She got 'Film Fare Best Actress Awards for 'Baiju Bawra'(1954) Parineeta(55) Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam(63) and Kaajal(1966).
Her personal life was but a failure.She married a film director who was an already married man by name "Kamal Amrohi' who was much elder to her.They had no children and it is said that Kamal Amrohi did not want her to deliver a child because of his own reasons which made her quite unhappy.She started consuming liquor after a film " Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam' which was produced by Guru Dutt in which her character proved to had astounding similarities to her own true life later on.That character had extra marital relationship with younger men which also turned to be a reality for her in true life.Meena Kumari got divorced in 1964 and consumption of liquor increased rapidly so that she became a liver patient soon.In 1968 she was taken to London and to Switzerland for treatment.The Doctors warned her not to touch alcohol afterwards when she got cured but after some months gap she started drinking again.In 1972 the inevitable tragedy happened at Bombay when she was only 39 years old.
Actor Dharmendra and Actor Director and Lyricist Gulzar were her close friends.Gulzar and Vinod Mehta wrote biography of Meena kumari and in the biography 'Meena Kumari' Gulzar  described the habit of that talented actress in those last years.After consuming excessive amount of liquor she would be sitting or lying on a sofa on the sets of the studio in an inert condition but when called upon for taking the scene, the transformation to that character happened within seconds and she acted fantastically well with normal movements and remembering all the dialogues also.
'Daera' was a film produced by Meena Kumari and her husband together in 1953 and they planned to produce another film  by name 'Pakeezah' later on.At the time of their divorce the film was only half finished..After 14 years only  the other half was taken and released  in 1972.After two months of its release Meena Kumari became seriously ill and she died.The film was a grand success at box office since there was an influx of audience to the cinema halls.
Meena kumari was a highly talented, beautiful and intellectual woman who craved for warm unconditional and affectionate love but she felt nobody loved her as she wished.In her loneliness which paved way to agony that filled as a dark cloud in her mind,  she found relief by writing down her feelings which drizzled from her inner soul and took the shape of poetry.She  was able to release the audio record of some of her poems sung by herself which the music was composed by 'Khayam'.After her death some other poems were published by Gulzar.
When the film critics appreciated very much for her role in 'Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam'  and  special congratulations received for the song sequence "Piya Aiso Jiya Mein" no body expected the true similarities and consequences later on.She is still remembered by her fans.
Some of her best films were Chandni Chowk(54), Bandish(55), Azaad(55), Naya Andaz(56),Farista(58), Madhu(59),Kohinoor(60),Kinare Kinare(63),Dil Ek Mandir(63), Gazal(64),Noor Jehan(65),Bahu Begum(67),Bahron Ki Manzil(68),Jawab(70)Mere Apne(71)
Some of her  Opposite Artists in Films were as follows
,Bahu Begum                  - Pradeep Kumar
Bheegee Raat                 - Pradeep Kumar
Poornima                       - Dharmendra
Gazal                             - Sunil Dutt
Miss Mary                     - Kishore Kumar
Shrimati 420                  - Om Prakash
Parineeta                        - Ashok Kumar
Sanjh aur savera             - Guru Dutt
Kaajal                            - Raj Kumar
Naya Andaz                   - Kishore Kumar
Yahudi                           - Dilip Kumar
Bahron ki Manzil            - Dharmendra
Mein chup rahoongi        - Sunil Dutt
Shardaa                         - Raj Kapoor
Azad                              - Dilip Kumar
Pyar Ka Sagar                - Rajendra Kumar
Ruksana                          - Kishore Kumar
Sanam                             - Dev Anand
Bandish                           - Ashok Kumar
Phool aur Pathar              - Dharmendra
Daera                              - Nazir Khan
Pakeezah                         - Raj Kumar
Sahib,Beebi Aur
            Ghulam                - Rahman,Guru Dutt
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